What Lies Behind the Nine Years of Turmoil in Libya

Oil-rich Libya has been in perpetual turmoil since the 2011 NATO-backed revolt that ended 42 years of rule by strongman Muammar al-Qaddafi. In April 2019, military commander Khalifa Haftar and his forces marched on Tripoli determined to unseat the internationally backed government located there. The war accelerated intervention in Libya by Turkey, Russia and neighboring countries as they maneuvered to shape the future of the OPEC member state, and it could escalate into a direct confrontation be